Amazing and fun facts about Apollo Space mission11June 18, 2020
Amazing and fun facts about Apollo Space mission 11
Apollo Space mission 11, U.S. spaceflight during which commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Edwin (“Buzz”) Aldrin, Jr., on July 20, 1969, became the first people to land on the Moon and walk the lunar surface. Apollo Space mission 11 was the culmination of the Apollo program and a massive national commitment by the United States to beat the Soviet Union in putting people on the Moon.
From the time of its launch on July 16, 1969, until its return on July 24, every major aspect of the flight of Apollo 11 was witnessed via television in nearly every part of the globe. The pulse of humanity rose with the giant, 111-meter- (363-foot-) high, 3,038,500-kg (6,698,700-pound) Saturn V launch vehicle as it made its flawless flight from Pad 39A at Cape Kennedy (now Cape Canaveral), Florida, before hundreds of thousands of spectators. So accurate was the translunar insertion that three of the enroot trajectory corrections planned were not necessary. Aboard Apollo Space mission 11 was Armstrong, Aldrin, and command module pilot Michael Collins. Their enthusiasm was evident from the beginning, as Armstrong exclaimed, “This Saturn gave us a magnificent ride.… It was beautiful!”. If you have an interest in space then you should read about Betelgeuse, A star that is about to explode
Facts about Apollo Space mission 11
1. The American flag placed on the moon was made by Sears.
The American flag the Apollo Space mission 11 astronauts planted on the moon was manufactured by Sears, but NASA wanted that information kept secret. The reason?
Tang. The powder-based orange drink from General Foods – ideal for consumption in a zero-gravity environment – soared to celebrity status in 1962 when Mercury astronaut John Glenn performed eating experiments while orbiting Earth aboard Friendship 7. Astronauts brought Tang on their missions and all manned space flights from 1965–1975, and Tang even sponsored ABC-TV’s coverage of Apollo 8, America’s first manned flight around the moon.
As this Food & Wine article explains, NASA made Tang cool. But when Apollo 11 whirled into orbit, NASA didn’t want another advertising campaign based on the astronauts’ use of a commercial product.
2. There’s a mystery surrounding Neil Armstrong’s famous quote.
“That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”
Those were the first words NASA astronaut Neil Armstrong famously uttered when he set foot on the moon in 1969…or were they? As it turns out, Armstrong has likely been misquoted for nearly half a century.
Fake news? Not exactly. Armstrong has always insisted that he said “one small step for a man,” not the widely quoted “one small step for man,” and the grainy NASA audio recordings don’t offer a definitive answer. Researchers from Michigan State University and Ohio State University set out to solve the mystery, and their findings seem to back up Armstrong’s assertion. They analyzed recordings of conversational speech from 40 people raised in Columbus, Ohio, near Armstrong’s hometown of Wapakoneta, and found that they typically blended the words “for a” so they sound like “frrr(uh)”.
What were Armstong’s famous first words? Listen to NASA’s original audio file, below, and let us know what you think
I will send you the audio file
3. Your cellphone is more powerful than Apollo 11’s computers.
While the Apollo Guidance Computer systems that powered Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins to the moon and back in July 1969 were cutting-edge for the time, they’re technologically primitive compared to the cell phones and smartwatches we use half a century later.
As this Houston Chronicle article illustrates, today’s Samsung Galaxy S10 Smartphone6, with its eight gigabytes of memory, is light years ahead of the Apollo 11’s computer, which propelled our fearless astronauts to the moon and back with only two kilobytes.
4. Krispy Kreme doughnuts were served.
Sugar alert! Krispy Kreme is celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing with a mouthwatering twist on its classic Original Glazed doughnut. Hence, space geeks with a sweet tooth can bite into the newly launched (pun absolutely intended!) Original Filled Doughnut with a choice of two delectable fillings: “Classic Kreme” or “Chocolate Kreme.”
This marketing ploy is not just empty calories: Krispy Kreme was at the launch of Apollo 11 in 1969, serving fresh doughnuts to Americans who had gathered to witness lift-off of this monumental mission. Also, the company’s video promoting its current Apollo 11-inspired doughnuts is hilarious.
5. NASA Command and Lunar Modules have the best names.
“The Eagle has landed,” is one of the most famous quotes in NASA history. Ever wonder where the trusty Apollo 11 lunar module got its moniker?
It was named in honor of America’s national bird, while the mission’s command module, Columbia, was named after Columbiad, the giant cannon that launched the moonship in Jules Verne’s novel From the Earth to the Moon.
Other NASA missions have some pretty groovy names, too. Apollo 9’s command module was dubbed Gumdrop because. It was wrapped in blue when it was shipped, making it look like a wrapped gumdrop.
Casper, Apollo 16’s command module, was inspired by the cartoon character Casper the Friendly Ghost. Due to the crew’s white Teflon suits, which looked shapeless on television.
6. The Apollo Space mission 11 Astronauts Were Oddly Calm During Liftoff.
The average resting heart rate of an adult human is somewhere between 60 and 100 beats per minute (bpm). Depending on the individual’s age, size, heart conditions, and other factors. Throw a little excitement into the mix and one’s heart is likely to beat much faster. Yet the Apollo 11 astronauts, whose heart rates were monitored throughout the expedition, remained surprisingly normal. At liftoff, Armstrong was the most excited of the bunch with a rate of 110 bpm. Collins, meanwhile, was clocked at 99, while a clearly calm Aldrin logged a rate of just 88 bpm.
7. The original goal of the Apollo program was to send a crew into the moon’s orbit, but John f. Kennedy wanted more.
When the Apollo program was announced in 1960, the original plan was to send a small crew into the Moon’s orbit, not to its surface. President Kennedy, of course, made his famous speech in 1961, declaring his and the United States’s commitment to landing a man on the Moon before the end of the decade.
8. Richard Nixon Had A Speech Prepared In Case The Apollo Space mission 11 Astronauts Never Came Home.
As with many historic undertakings, President Nixon had to prepare for the possibility that a tragedy might occur during the Apollo 11 mission. So his speechwriter, William Safire, wrote two different speeches. One to celebrate the mission’s victory, another titled “In the Event of Moon Disaster.” It stated:
“Fate has ordained that the men who went to the Moon to explore in peace will stay on the Moon to rest in peace.
These brave men, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, know that there is no hope for their recovery. But they also know that there is hope for mankind in their sacrifice.”
You can read the full text online [PDF].
9. Neil Armstrong Wasn’t Convinced That They’d Be Able To Land The Lunar Module.
In 2012, in a rare interview, Armstrong admitted that while he was confident he and his fellow crew members would make it back to Earth, he was less convinced that the crew would succeed in landing their lunar module, known as Eagle.
“A month before the launch of Apollo 11, we decided we were confident enough we could try and attempt on a descent to the surface,” Armstrong said. “I thought we had a 90 percent chance of getting back safely to Earth on that flight but only a 50-50 chance of making a landing on that first attempt. There are so many unknowns on that descent from lunar orbit down to the surface that had not been demonstrated yet by testing and there was a big chance that there was something in there we didn’t understand properly and we had to abort and come back to Earth without landing.”
10. The Source Code That Took Apollo 11 To The Moon Was Full Of Jokes And Political References.
Computer programmers aren’t generally known for their senses of humor, but a piece of space history—discovered in 2016—suggests that maybe they should be. Also, former NASA intern Chris Garry uploaded the Apollo 11 flight source code to GitHub, revealing a legendary piece of flight software that was full of jokes and topical 1960s references.
Paired with the code that helped NASA astronauts navigate the Moon landing are file names like “BURN_BABY_BURN,” which, as ABC News reported, is actually a reference to DJ Magnificent Montague and the Black Power movement. Other comments include “HELLO THERE,” “GOODBYE. COME AGAIN SOON,” and file names like “PINBALL_GAME_BUTTONS_AND_LIGHTS.”
11. The W Apollo Space mission 11 Landed In the wrong Place.
Needless to say, Apollo 11 didn’t touch down at its intended landing site. Thanks to Armstrong’s quick thinking, they were able to successfully land—albeit 4 miles from where they were supposed to. “I took it over manually and flew it like a helicopter out to the west direction. Took it to a smoother area without so many rocks, and found a level area and was able to get it down there before we ran out of fuel,” Armstrong said.
12. A Lot Of People Watched The Apollo 11 Moon Landing Happen.
It may have been past a lot of kids’ bedtimes. But an estimated 600 million people around the world watched Apollo 11 land on live television.
13. Apollo Space mission 11 Return To Earth Is Largely Due To A Felt-Tipped Pen.
When Eagle landed on the Moon’s surface, the circuit breaker’s switch—which was essential for their return to Earth—accidentally broke off. Aldrin wrote about how some quick-thinking helped solve the problem in his 2009 memoir, Magnificent Desolation: The Long Journey Home From the Moon:
“Since it was electrical, I decided not to put my finger in, or use anything that had metal on the end. I had a felt-tipped pen in the shoulder pocket of my suit that might do the job. After moving the countdown procedure up by a couple of hours in case it didn’t work. I inserted the pen into the small opening where the circuit breaker switch should have been, and pushed it in; sure enough, the circuit breaker held. We were going to get off the Moon, after all.”
Between 1969 and 1972, astronauts left behind more than footprints—mostly things to help save weight for takeoff. Things like rovers and descent and ascent stages, astronaut boots, and a gold replica of an olive branch
15.No, The Apollo Space mission 11 Astronauts Did Not Have An Alien Encounter.
In 2018, UFO enthusiasts ran with an out-of-context quote Aldrin had given about an unidentified object the crew had seen outside the spacecraft’s window. While many tabloids ran with the idea that Aldrin was saying the Apollo 11 crew had seen a UFO, Aldrin was quick to correct the record … But it was too late to stop the conspiracy theories from developing. In a 2014 Reddit AMA, Aldrin tried to set the record straight yet again:
“On Apollo 11 [en] route to the Moon, I observed a light out the window that appeared to be moving alongside us. There were many explanations of what that could be. Other than another spacecraft from another country or another world. It was either the rocket we had separated from, or the 4 panels that moved away when we extracted the lander from the rocket and we were nose to nose with the two spacecraft. So in the close vicinity, moving away, were 4 panels. And I feel absolutely convinced that we were looking at the sun reflected off of one of these panels. Which one? I don’t know. So technically, the definition could be ‘unidentified.’
… [W]hen we returned, we debriefed and explained exactly what we had observed. Also, I felt that this had been distributed to the outside world, the outside audience, and apparently it wasn’t. So many years later, I had the time in an interview to disclose these observations, on another country’s television network. Therefore, the UFO people in the United States were very very angry with me. That I had not given them the information. It was not an alien.”
16. The First Men To Walk On The Moon Had A Lot Of Help.
In total, it’s estimated that it took approximately 400,000 scientists, engineers, and technicians to make Apollo 11 Space mission a success.
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